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Pope Urban IV

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Urban IV, né Jacques Pantaléon (Troyes, ca. 1195 - Perugia, October 2, 1264), was a pope, from 1261 to [1264]].

Urban IV was the son of a cobbler of Troyes, France. He studied theology and common law in Paris, before becoming the bishop of Verdun. He was employed in various missions by Pope Innocent IV, and was made the Patriarch of Jerusalem by Pope Alexander IV.

He was at Viterbo seeking help for the oppressed Christians in the East when Alexander died, and after a three month vacancy Pantaléon was chosen to succeed him, on August 29, 1261, taking the name Urban.

As pope he endeavoured, but without success, to stir up a new crusade on behalf of his former diocese of Jerusalem. In domestic matters the chief problems of his pontificate arose out of the competing claims for the crown of the Two Sicilies. Before the arrival of Charles of Anjou, the candidate whom he favoured, Urban died at Perugia on October 2, 1264. His successor was Pope Clement IV. The festival of Corpus Christi ("the Body of Christ") was instituted by Urban IV in 1264.

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Preceded by:
Alexander IV
Pope
1261–1264
Succeeded by:
Clement IV

Template:End boxde:Urban IV. (Papst) fr:Urbain IV it:Papa Urbano IV nl:Paus Urbanus IV pt:Papa Urbano IV sv:Urban IV

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