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Jerusalem cricket

From Academic Kids

Jerusalem cricket

Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Orthoptera
Family:Gryllacrididae
Genus:Stenopelmatus
Species

Stenopelmatus coahuilensis
Stenopelmatus fuscus
Stenopelmatus intermedius
Stenopelmatus longispina
Stenopelmatus mescaleroensis
Stenopelmatus navajo
Stenopelmatus nigrocapitatus
Stenopelmatus pictus

The Jerusalem cricket (Stenopelmatus) is a genus of large, flightless insects native to Southern California and Mexico. Because of its large, human-like head, it is commonly called the niño de la tierra (Spanish for "child of the earth"), or wó see ts'inii (Navajo for "skull insect"). It is also often called the potato bug, or alternatively the old bald-headed man.

Despite their name, potato bugs are neither bugs nor do they prefer potatoes for food. Rather, the nocturnal crickets use their strong mandibles to feed primarily on dead organic materials found near garden plants. They can also use their highly adapted feet for burrowing beneath moist soil to feed on decaying root plants and tubers.

Like other crickets, each species of potato bug produces a different song during mating. Each also exhibits a characteristic drumming in which the insect beats its abdomen against the ground to attract others.

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