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Ethane

From Academic Kids

Ethane
Ethane
General
Systematic name Ethane
Other names dimethyl, ethyl hydride
methylmethane
Molecular formula C2H6
SMILES CC
Molar mass 30.07 g/mol
Appearance odourless gas
CAS number [74-84-0]
Properties
Density and phase 0.548 g/cm3, gas
Solubility in water 4.7 g/100 ml (? C)
Melting point -182.76 C (90.34 K)
Boiling point 88.6 C (184.5 K)
Acidity (pKa) 50
Structure
Molecular shape  ?
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards extremely flammable
Flash point -135 C
R/S statement R: 12 S: 9, 16, 33
RTECS number KH3800000
Supplementary data page
Structure & properties n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic data Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Related alkanes methane propane
Related compounds  ?
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Ethane is a chemical compound with chemical formula C2H6. It is an alkane, that is, an aliphatic hydrocarbon. At ordinary pressure and temperature ethane is a colourless, odourless gas.

It is the simplest saturated hydrocarbon containing more than one carbon atom. Ethane is a prominent compound of industrial importance, by converting it to ethylene by cracking.

In an industrial scale, ethane is produced from natural gas and from petroleum refining. Chemical synthesis can be achieved by Kolbe electrolysis.


 
Alkanes

methane
CH4

|
 

ethane
C2H6

|
 

propane
C3H8

|
 

butane
C4H10

|
 

pentane
C5H12

|
 

hexane
C6H14

heptane
C7H16

|
 

octane
C8H18

|
 

nonane
C9H20

|
 

decane
C10H22

|
 

undecane
C11H24

|
 

dodecane
C12H26

 

tridecane
C13H28

|
 

tetradecane
C14H30

|
 

pentadecane
C15H32

|
 

hexadecane
C16H34

|
 

heptadecane
C17H36

|
 

octadecane
C18H38

 

nonadecane
C19H40

|
 

eicosane
C20H42

|
 

heneicosane
C21H44

|
 

docosane
C22H46

|
 

tricosane
C23H48

|
 

tetracosane
C24H50

 

pentacosane
C25H52

|
 

hexacosane
C26H54

|
 

heptacosane
C27H56

|
 

octacosane
C28H58

|
 

nonacosane
C29H60

|
 

triacontane
C30H62

 

hentriacontane
C31H64

|
 

dotriacontane
C32H66

|
 

tritriacontane
C33H68

|
 

tetratriacontane
C34H70

|
 

pentatriacontane
C35H72

|
 

hexatriacontane
C36H74

 

ca:Et

da:Ethan de:Ethan es:Etano eo:Etano fr:thane nl:Ethaan ja:エタン pl:Etan pt:Etano ru:Этан sv:Etan zh:乙烷

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