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Books of the Bible

From Academic Kids

The canonical list of the Books of the Bible differs among Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox Christians, even though there is a great deal of overlap. Below a table is presented to compare the canons of the various denominations for both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. A discussion of the differences is found in the article on Biblical canon.

It should be noted that the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Eastern Catholic churches may have minor differences in the list of accepted books. The list given here for these churches is the most broad list of canonical books -- that is, if at least one eastern church accepts the book, it is included in the list here. The books included by the Catholic Church are universally included in the eastern canons.

Contents

The Tanakh and the Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox Old Testaments

Tanakh
Protestant Old Testament Catholic Old Testament Orthodox Old Testament
Torah or Pentateuch
Genesis Genesis Genesis Genesis
Exodus Exodus Exodus Exodus
Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus Leviticus
Numbers Numbers Numbers Numbers
Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Deuteronomy

Nevi'im or Prophets
Historical books
Joshua Joshua Joshua Joshua
Judges Judges Judges Judges

Ruth Ruth Ruth
Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel 1 Samuel
2 Samuel 2 Samuel 2 Samuel
Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings 1 Kings
2 Kings 2 Kings
2 Kings
Isaiah  
Jeremiah
Ezekiel

1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles
Ezra Ezra Ezra


1 Esdras6
Nehemiah Nehemiah Nehemiah

Tobit1 Tobit1
Judith1 Judith1
Esther Esther2 Esther2

1 Maccabees1,

5

1 Maccabees1,

5

2 Maccabees1,

5

2 Maccabees1,

5

  3 Maccabees6
4 Maccabees6
Wisdom books
Job Job Job
Psalms Psalms Psalms9
    Odes6, 7
Proverbs Proverbs Proverbs
Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes
Song of Solomon Song of Solomon Song of Solomon

Wisdom1 Wisdom1
Sirach1 Sirach1

Psalms of Solomon6
Major prophets
Isaiah Isaiah Isaiah
Jeremiah Jeremiah Jeremiah
Lamentations Lamentations Lamentations

Baruch1,3 Baruch1,3


Letter of Jeremiah1, 8
Ezekiel Ezekiel Ezekiel
Daniel Daniel4 Daniel4
Minor prophets
The Twelve Prophets Hosea Hosea Hosea
Joel Joel Joel
Amos Amos Amos
Obadiah Obadiah Obadiah
Jonah Jonah Jonah
Micah Micah Micah
Nahum Nahum Nahum
Habakkuk Habakkuk Habakkuk
Zephaniah Zephaniah Zephaniah
Haggai Haggai Haggai
Zechariah Zechariah Zechariah
Malachi Malachi Malachi
Ketuvim or Writings10
Psalms
Job
Proverbs
Song of Songs
Ruth
Lamentations
Ecclesiastes
Esther
Daniel
Ezra
Nehemiah
Chronicles

New Testament books shared by all modern Christian groups

The Gospels(四福音書)
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
The History
Acts
The Letters of Paul
Romans
1 Corinthians
2 Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians
1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
Titus
Philemon
The General Letters
Hebrews11
James11
1 Peter
2 Peter
1 John
2 John
3 John
Jude11
The Prophecy
Revelation11 or Apocalypse

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church has a few additional books in its New Testament: Jubilees, Book of Enoch, the Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Acts of Paul, and some uniquely Ethiopian books. There is a matter of some controversy as to what constitutes "canon" in this religious body. See here (http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Bible/Text/Canon/ethiopican.html) and here (http://www.islamic-awareness.org/Bible/Text/BibleTex.html#Ethiopic) for more (sites are anti-missionary Muslim sources).

Notes

Return links: Tanakh/Old TestamentNew Testament

1 This book is not in the Protestant Old Testament.
2 The Catholic and Orthodox Book of Esther includes 103 verses not in the Protestant Book of Esther.
3 In Catholic Bibles, Baruch includes a sixth chapter called the Letter of Jeremiah. Baruch is not in the Protestant Old Testament.
4 In Catholic and Orthodox Bibles, Daniel includes three sections not included in Protestant Bibles. The Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Young Men are included between Daniel 3:23-24. Susanna is included as Daniel 13. Bel and the Dragon is included as Daniel 14. These are not in the Protestant Old Testament.
5 The Latin Vulgate and the Douay-Rheims place First and Second Maccabees after Malachi instead of Esther.
6 These books are not in the Protestant and Catholic Old Testaments.
7 The Book of Odes includes the Prayer of Manasseh. This book is not present in the Catholic or Protestant Old Testaments.
8 Eastern Orthodox Bibles have the books of Baruch and the Letter of Jeremiah separate.
9The Eastern Orthodox church adds one extra Psalm to the Book of Psalms.
10These books are found among the historical and wisdom books of the Christian canons.
11Martin Luther wished to remove these books from the canon, but this did not occur. Nonetheless, in German editions of Luther's Bible, these are printed at the end of the New Testament, rather than the order given above.

See also

et:Piibli raamatute loetelu fr:Liste des livres de la Bible sk:Zoznam kníh Biblie

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